Else Alfelt started painting at a young age, yet she did not go to art school. She did, however, become involved in various artists’ associations and collectives and exhibited her work very regularly. From 1942 she was a member of Høst, an art group of which many members became involved with Cobra in 1948. With other Danish artists Alfelt shared the idea that art should be expressive, spontaneous and experimental.
In 1949, Alfelt, like her husband Carl-Henning Pedersen, took part in the first major Cobra exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. She participated in various other Cobra events, such as the international meeting in the Danish Bregnerød in 1949. The poet Edouard Jaguer, who was very closely involved with Cobra, once said about Alfelt in relation to the male-dominated movement that she was “not a lamb in the werewolf’s den”.